Blackberry Fruit with Polyphenol Antioxidants

Blackberry Fruit with Polyphenol Antioxidants
Blackberries fruit are rich in polyphenol antioxidants to fight oxidative stress, cardiovascular disease, and prevent certain cancers. It's also believed to have healthy benefits on diarrhea and dysentery. Blackberries are often confused with black raspberries. Did you know that they taste different and are two different fruits? What is the difference between blackberries and black raspberries? Let's discover the answer and learn more about the nutritional benefits of Blackberry Fruit as well as the Cons of Blackberries!

About Blackberry
Blackberry fruit is the edible fruit of plants in the genus Rubus in the rose family Rosaceae. Blackberries are perennial plants which typically bear biennial stems ("canes") from the perennial root system. The fruit of Blackberry is a bramble fruit (an aggregate of drupelets) with the receptacle is elongated and part of the ripe fruit, making the blackberry an aggregate-accessory fruit. In botanical terminology, the fruit is not a berry, but an aggregate fruit of numerous drupelets. The strawberry is also an aggregate-accessory fruit, only one in which the seeds are contained in achenes. Black-berries have also many other names in the past including: brambleberries, brumblekites and lawers.

What do blackberries taste like?
Blackberries taste? Blackberry fruit tastes sweet, juicy, and kind of like raspberries. It may taste tart, kind of sour or slightly bitter if it's not really ripe.

Blackberry Color?
In addition to the purplish-black colour, blackberries color may also be black, dark red, or even yellow depending on ripeness (The color is various for ripe, ripening and unripe blackberries on a bush).

Blackberries or Raspberries
Both blackberries and raspberries are composite fruits consisting of numerous tiny individual “drupelets” (one-seeded fruits) attached to a central core or receptacle. As the bramble plant, blackberry and raspberry plants have perennial roots and biennial shoots. Blackberries and raspberries are also called caneberries or brambles.
What is the difference between a blackberry and a raspberry?
> The main difference between blackberries and raspberries is in the way the ripened berry separates from its stem. Blackberries loosen at the base of the receptacle, and the receptacle becomes an integral part of the fruit. The blackberry receptacle is soft, juicy, and edible. On the other hand, raspberries loosen from the receptacle, leaving a hard, dry, inedible core attached to the plant. This results in a thimble-shaped fruit with a hollow center.
> Blackberry drupelets are smooth and hairless, while in contrast raspberry drupelets adhere to one-another and are hairy.
> Unlike blackberries and dewberries, a raspberry has a hollow core once it is removed from the receptacle.
> Blackberries are often confused with black raspberries. They taste different and are two different fruits. Blackberries have a solid center, while black raspberries are hollow when picked.
> Blackberries are smoother and shinier than black raspberry fruits, while the black raspberries are smaller and less shiny.
> Blackberries are different from black raspberries. But the receptacles of blackberries, unlike those of black raspberries and other raspberries, are eaten with the rest of the fruit.

Blackberry Cultivation
Growing Blackberries. Most blackberry plants can live for fifteen to twenty years. Blackberries plants are classified according to their growth habit into erect, semi-erect, or trailing types, and they may or may not have thorns. The erect types have arched, self-supporting canes, while the trailing types have recumbent canes that naturally trail along the ground. In commercial plantings, trailing blackberry canes are tied to poles or trellises to keep them up off the ground. The fruit clusters are more open on the trailing types than on the erect types. The semi-erect types produce thin, trailing canes the first year after planting. In subsequent years, semi-erect plants produce sturdy, upright canes that arch back to the ground if not supported by a trellis. The erect species produce new plants from buds on the roots. The semi-erect and trailing types, however, have few or no vegetative buds on the roots. Instead, the tips of their primocanes form roots where they touch the soil and new plants grow from these roots. Blackberries need to have an extended period during the winter with temperatures below 45°F before they can resume growth in the spring. However, extreme low temperatures may kill blackberry canes, basal buds, and even the entire plant. Winter injury reportedly is the most serious production peril for both blackberries and raspberries. Growers produce blackberry plants by cutting 6-inch sections from blackberry roots and burying them in loose loam. The roots are placed in rows about 8 to 10 feet (2.4 to 3 meters) apart to ensure proper development of the fruit. Growers plant the root sections in early spring, and only fruitless stems develop during the first growing season. Fruit production starts the next year and reaches its peak in the fourth or fifth years.

Wild Blackberries
Wild blackberry is Rubus ursinus. Rubus ursinus is a species of blackberry or dewberry known by the common names California blackberry/dewberry and Pacific blackberry/dewberry. It is native to western North America. This is a wide, spreading shrub or vine-bearing bush with prickly branches. Its white flowers may be distinguished from those of other blackberries by their narrow petals. In various parts of the United States, wild blackberries are sometimes called "Black-caps", a term more commonly used for black raspberries, Rubus occidentalis.

Blackberry Leaves
Certain caterpillars eat blackberry leaves as food. Caterpillars of the concealer moth Alabonia geoffrella have been found feeding inside dead blackberry shoots. Some grazing mammals (especially deer) are also very fond of the blackberry leaves. Blackberry leaves are processed into blackberry tea and are also used for treating non-specific acute diarrhea, as well as inflammation of the mouth and throat.

Blackberry Seeds
Blackberries has numerous rather large seeds that are not always preferred by consumers. Blackberry seeds contain some oil which is rich in protein, dietary fiber, carotenoids, omega-3 (alpha-linolenic acid), omega-6 fats (linoleic acid), ellagitannins, and ellagic acid.

Blackberries Health, Blackberry Nutrition
Blackberry nutrition facts. Blackberries are rich in vitamin C, vitamin A, manganese, and fiber. Blackberries nutritional value does not end there, Blackberry also contains various antioxidants. Blackberries have dense contents of polyphenolic compounds, such as ellagic acid, tannins, ellagitannins, rutin, quercetin, hydrocaffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, cinnamic acid, gallic acid, anthocyanins and cyanidins. Blackberries have an ORAC value (oxygen radical absorbance capacity) of about 5350 per 100gr. The gallic acid is an anti-fungal and anti-viral antioxidant which is used to help treat hemorrhoids and psoriasis. Rutin works to improve blood circulation, as an anti-inflammatory and can lower the risk of heart disease. Anthocyanins in blackberries provide protection against the effects of aging, cancer and neurological diseases. Blackberries contain high tannin contents which helps tighten tissue, lesson minor bleeding, and may help to alleviate diarrohea and intestinal inflammation.

Blackberries Calories - How Many Calories in Blackberry
Blackberry calories 1 cup?
> There are approximately 62 calories in 1 cup (about 142.8 grams) of fresh blackberries.
> There are approximately 12 calories in 1 ounce (28g) of fresh blackberries.

How to ripen Blackberries?
Is there a way to ripen blackberries after they've been picked? Like many other berries, blackberry does not ripen after it has been picked. Blackberries should be picked as soon as they ripen. However, ethylene may also be used when you want to accelerate ripening. You can place blackberries with an apple fruit in bag. The ethylene from the apple fruit will cause the blackberries to ripen faster, so you'll get the early ripe blackberries. Since blackberries are not as firm and durable as the blueberries, check every 24 hours for ripeness progression, as they can ripen quickly.

When are blackberries ripe?
Blackberry fruit changes in color from yellow or green to red or dark red and then purplish-black or black when blackberries are ripe.

Health Benefits of Blackberry
Blackberry benefits
+ High levels of anthocyanins work as antioxidants to help fight free radical damage.
+ helps prevent breast and cervical cancer, heart disease, stroke.
+ protect against pleurisy and lung inflammation.
+ boost immune system.
+ high in dietary fiber
+ helps reduce the risks of certain cancers.
+ helps strengthen the blood vessels in body.
+ ellagic acid as antiviral properties and help to lower high blood pressure
+ anthocyanins prevent the effects of aging, diabetes, and neurological diseases.
+ contains polyphenol antioxidants that can upregulate certain beneficial metabolic processes in mammals.
+ contain p-coumaric acid which can lower the risk of stomach cancer.
+ fights oxidative stress, cardiovascular disease.
+ flavonoids promote vision health
+ prevents macular degeneration
+ Evergreen blackberries contain ellagic acid which works as anti-carcinogen, anti-viral and anti-bacterial properties.
+ fiber content helps maintain digestive health, reduce cholesterol levels, control blood sugar
+ cyanidin-3-O-glucoside may help protect against endothelial dysfunction and vascular failure induced by peroxynitrite.
+ gallic acid works as an anti-fungal and anti-viral antioxidant which is used to help treat hemorrhoids and psoriasis.
+ The astringent blackberry root is sometimes used in herbal medicine as a treatment for diarrhea and dysentery.

Cons of Blackberry
- Blackberries Oxalates. Blackberry contains measurable amounts of oxalates. Oxalates are naturally-occurring chemicals in nature which are found in plants, animals, human beings, most common in fruits and veggies. Some health professionals believe that oxalates contribute the formation of kidney stones. Oxalates should not be eaten in high concentration as they can crystallize and cause kidney or gallbladder problems. For this reason, individuals with already existing and untreated kidney or gallbladder problems may want to avoid eating blackberries. High oxalate fruits include many berries, including blueberries and raspberries.

Blackberry Recipes
How to enjoy a blackberry? Blackberries will keep for about two days, but you had better consume it the same day that the blackberries are gathered or purchased. Because blackberries in general are among the most perishable of fruits. However, frozen blackberries will keep for up to six months.
+ You can eat fresh, but do not forget to rinse under cool running water before enjoying eating the fresh blackberry fruits.
+ Blackberries may be served with honey or tossed with a little sugar.
+ can be mixed with apples for blackberry pies and blackberry crumbles.
+ Fresh or frozen blackberries may be used for blackberry jams.
+ Making a fruit salad with a combination of healthy berries is also an alternative way to enjoy.
+ Blackberries are also processed into IQF (immediately quick frozen) blackberries, blackberry jelly, blackberry pies, blackberries preserves.
+ Blackberries are also frozen, and canned, and are commonly made into blackberry juices, blackberries syrups.
+ Blackberry fruit is also popular for use in blackberry desserts, seedless blackberry jellies and blackberry wine.

After reading the whole article, you're now aware of blackberries nutrition value, you might also want to learn more about the nutritional benefits of other healthy berries such as blueberries with its super antioxidants, strawberries, cranberries, and raspberries.
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